The Czech coronation jewels are a set of objects of exceptional historical and artistic value that were used for coronations of Czech kings. Although they lost their purpose after the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, they have not lost their extreme importance – they remain the symbols of Czech independence and statehood.
The set consists of the St .Wenceslas Crown with a case and cushion, the royal sceptre with a case, the royal orb with a case and the coronation vestment (a cloak adorned with ermine, a belt, a stole and a maniple).
The uniqueness of the Czech coronation jewels is stressed by Emperor Charles IV’s regulation that has always been observed and based on which they can be displayed for special occasions and at the Prague Castle only. Even nowadays, visitors can see them only very rarely, based on the decision of the president of the Czech Republic. The jewels are kept in the Crown Chamber above the southern vestibule of the Cathedral of St. Vitus and can be taken out only if the holders of all seven keys are present – the president of the Czech Republic, the prime minister, the Prague archbishop, the president of the Senate, the chairman of the Chamber of Deputies, the dean of the Metropolitan Chapter of the Cathedral of St. Vitus and the mayor of Prague.
Two other valuable objects that were used during the coronation of Czech kings and are nowadays displayed with the coronation jewels – the Reliquary (Coronation) Cross and the ceremonial coronation sword called the St. Wenceslas Sword – are also a part of the Czech coronation set and a part of the treasure of the Cathedral of St. Vitus.